Cheap Flights to Europe

Take the time to read the following article, Surely you will benefit from the research that been conducted in order for it to be written. Going on a trip or a holiday is an exciting event that quite a lot of us look forward to. As there are unlike places where you can visit, you will need to see what types of activities are possible at those places. One of the more popular vacation destinations is known to be Europe. When you are booking your flying you might want to think about getting cheap flights to Europe so that you will have some disbursement money while you are there.

This tremendous continent has many interesting activities for everyone in the family. You will be able to go to the unlike countries and enjoy the sights and ethnical experiences. Before start preparation your trip to Europe you will need to decide on a few factors. These items are necessary so that you can look for some cheap flights to Europe.

The first item that you need to decide about is your arrival date in one of the European countries. You will have to take diverse facts like lots of crowds, uncertain weather condition conditions and limited seat availability to plan for when you want to leave Europe. You should also see if you will need to have any type of visa or other documentation readied to enter the diverse European countries.

Once you have gotten your arrival and going dates figured out and any medical, visa and other documentation found out and finalized you can start look for cheap flights to Europe. As each of these European countries has separate airlines you should expect to see diverse prices for the airway tickets.

Yet if you have a set bound for your cheap flights to Europe you can look through the various airlines until you have found a few that have usable flights that are in your monetary value range. Of course you should also see if the country where this plane will be landing is in the country of your alternative or further away.

You should also remember to see if the airline business has departure dates that are in line with your plans. Once all of these little facts have been found and ordered to your satisfaction you can begin making your airline seat reservations. You should also have found a way to check the details of your flying before you start paying.

As some cheap flights to Europe don’t have any counter policies you will have to make sure that all of the crucial details for your flight are what you have specified. In addition you should see if you have the right tickets for your cheap flights to Europe.

I’am glad you have found this clause I want you found the info useful.

Cheap Airline Tickets – Cheap Airfare – Cheap Flight Deals UK

Cheap Flight Only Deals work as agents for all the supplied airlines and as so we can display to you each airlines best rates for flights as well as any special offers or late availability deals. We search the internet and over 520 airlines to give you low fare air tickets.

We display the cheapest fares airlines are offering today. Now there’s a travel engine that can read the airlines’ minds. Our website shows you which fares are currently the cheapest, it uses advanced mathematics to predict whether those fares are likely to go up or down in the next few days. If ticket prices are likely to drop, you can save money by waiting to buy until they do. We can find that special cheap flight instantly. We have made our site as user friendly as possible and several quotes can be obtained very easily in a few clicks.

First and foremost, we are all about providing a fast and easy-to-use way for you to find cheap flights. You can book cheap airline tickets to domestic and worldwide destinations search through many flight providers to get you the best deals on cheap flights.

Cheap Flight Only Deals work in partnership with The Car Hire Group to deliver quality value for money car rental worldwide. You can book your car hire online to get special offers and discounts on car rental at any of our offices in the UK, Europe and Worldwide including main airports. Also our online booking partner holiday express are members of ABTA protection and ATOL licence. They handle your bookings with the highest standards of service and quality; protect you from losing money, or being stranded abroad. These protections are included in the cost of a trip booked. VeriSign secure programme is used to encrypt all data entered onto our website. This ensures that any bookings made through our site will be totally safe throughout the whole booking process.

If your flight has been delayed, then Cheap Flight Only Deals provide airport lounge for just ?16.50 per person to rid off airport crowds. You can sit back and enjoy Tea/Coffee, Soft drinks, Alcoholicbeverages,Snacks, Magazines/Newspapers at a free cost. Through airport lounge screen, you can have minute flight information, so you won’t miss a thing.

Also we provide you with facility to book your train tickets to the Airport,Airport Hotels for easy accommodation, car parking at airport.

You can also purchase travel insurance through Cheap Flight Only Deals which will gives you comprehensive coverage without any hidden clauses or small print.

You can easily contact us by calling us on or by email. If you have any queries regarding our services or your flight booking, our FAQ section should able to answer you to your questions.

Cheap Consolidator Airfares: 7 Sure-Fire Ways To Get Them

Looking for those cheap and rock-bottom international consolidator airfares?

Well, in the diverse world of air travel ticketing, there is no one way to guarantee that you will get the cheapest fares out there but your odds to get discount airfares are certainly many times better if you seek the consolidators tickets rather than the airlines official published airfares.

Remember that discounted consolidator tickets are very much just like a normal published airline fare ticket with the major difference being just that the price is not typically printed on the consolidator tickets.

Airlines basically do not admit they sell discounted tickets to consolidators, which are against the rules anyway and hence explains the no-pricing printout above.

Apart from the cheaper airfares, consolidator tickets have other advantages, usually requiring no advance purchase and no Saturday-night stay (typically for the US market).

In addition, you can normally still get cheap consolidator tickets at short notice unlike the inflated last-minute published air fares that could cost you a fortune.

Even then, you have to make sure you get those reliable consolidators that will offer the best airfare prices, and remember that not all consolidators sell to the general public.

Still, if you want to pay at least 40%-60% cheaper airfares than the guy sitting next to you on the plane, here are 7 sure-fire tips to be able to do just that.

1. Get a reliable travel agent who deals with a range of consolidators if you do not want the hassle of looking and doing the arrangements with the consolidators them.

A trustworthy travel agent is worth his weight in gold to you especially an experienced and knowledgeable one, much more than the small commission they charged nowadays for getting you a really cheap consolidator airfare.

Note that not all licensed travel agent do business with a whole range of wholesale consolidators, so try the specialised ones in the field to ensure you get all the cheap fare options on the table.

For more country-type trips or special itineraries, consider to look for the so-called “ethnic agency” consolidators that deals with only one country or region, since many have contracts with carriers based in the home country, such as Air India or EgyptAir.

2. Check airfares quoted by the travel agent with online discounters or consolidators, especially since these are the ones that you can check as they deal with the general retail public.

Obviously, you have to check the credentials of these companies as there could be many fly by night consolidators which may not have a strong financial background. Some of the strongest online consolidators include names like Onetravel.com, Flights.com, Faremax.com, Airlineconsolidator.com and Airgorilla.com.

3. For reliability, make sure the agents or consolidators are registered with national or international travel authorities such as the American Society of Travel Agents (http://www.travelsense.org) or accreditation with the International Air Transport Association (http://www.iata.org) or the Airline Reporting Corp http://www.arccorp.com).

Note that some unreliable consolidators have known to go bust big time at one point in the past, hence do not go for the cheapest consolidators without checking.

4. You can then check the best consolidators airfares against those specialised online sites that offer cheap airfares on their own. Most of these sites basically aggregate deals from the consolidators themselves like Hotwire.com and Priceline.com but some are the consolidator companies themselves that have evolved to serve the general public.

5. Check out also the aggregators. These are companies that typically scout for low airfares and then direct you to where to buy them. Some of these aggregators include Cheapflights.com and Kayak.com.

6. Try to be flexible and explore all the options. For example, some wholesale consolidators are also retail tour operators, and their tour package will thus tend be cheaper as they book in bulk for the tickets, hotel rooms and car rentals.

7. Finally, check the consolidators cheapest pricing against that of the airlines themselves. Most of the time, you will find that the consolidators offer you the cheapest airfares available.

However, on some occasions, the airline published airfares could actually be cheaper especially where there are intense price wars in a particular market or there are new promotions to attract demand for a new route or market.

These could cause the airlines to break their pact with the consolidators and charge even lower fares than the latter.

Consolidator airfares are now part and parcel of the airline ticketing industry and like it or not, consolidators are probably the best option you need to explore to get cheaper airfares.

Reasons to tie your own flies

There are so many reasons why an avid or novice fly fisherman should get started in fly tying. Reasons such as saving money, becoming more prepared, the ability to better match local insects, curing cabin fever, and of course the sheer enjoyment of catching fish on a fly that you created.

Saving money is a great reason to start tying your own flies but initially it can be costly. However, in the long run you will generally save hundreds if not thousands of dollars compared to the money you would spend in buying flies, with the average cost per fly being $2. I recommend buying startup kits they come with all the tools you need and usually come with some materials. After that many of the materials you will need are very cheap (well under $10 and the portions tie hundreds of flies) and your only other investment will be hooks. Usually a box of 100 hooks is around $10, compare that to the price of 100 flies which will cost about $2 per fly and if you don’t have a fly shop close by throw in the price of gas and it’s easy to see how you will be saving money.

Next is becoming more prepared, nothing leads to more success when fly fishing than being prepared for anything. Fishing conditions change constantly, whether it’s different insects hatching throughout the course of the day or year, or changing water levels or temperatures. With the ability to tie your own flies and load your fly boxes with patterns that work, you will meet with more success.

Matching flies to local fisheries is something many people don’t take into account when purchasing flies. Insect’s size and coloration may change from stream to stream and lake to lake. Some streams and lakes may have different communities of insects than others. Having the ability to correctly match the insects or prey on the body of water one is going to fish is of huge importance. A quick example, my local trout stream has a great abundance of Slate Drakes, or Isonychia, but they tend to be on the small size about a size 14. The fly shops closest to me only sell Slate Drakes in sizes 10 and 12. Being able to tie a size 14 Slate Drake that exactly matches the local hatch has increased my success with the larger, finicky trout.

Tying flies is also a way to cure cabin fever during winter months or anytime you know that you won’t be able to fish for a while. Sitting down and tying flies is a great hobby by itself. Many people find it very enjoyable to create things and that is exactly what you are doing. Outside of just the enjoyment of tying you will be helping in preparing yourself for the upcoming season or just your next outing.

Finally, and my personal favorite, is the sheer enjoyment you will receive by landing a fish on a fly that you have created. Until experienced, it is one of those wonderful things you come to enjoy from tying your own flies. The joy could come from the fact that you experimented in the fly you tied, or the fact that you precisely matched the hatch, or simply in knowing that what you created worked.

For all the fly fishermen who have been thinking about tying flies hopefully this gives you a reason to get started. My only regret with my own fly tying is that I should have started at an earlier age, don’t make the same mistake!

What if You Get Bumped From Your Flight?

What does getting bumped mean?

– “Getting bumped” is the common term most people use when they are denied boarding on a flight because there is no room for them on the plane even though they have a reservation. The Airlines often “overbook” and sell more than 100% of a particular flight’s seats because they know that some of the people with reservations won’t show up for the flight. Sometimes everyone does show up and this means that there won’t be enough seats to go around and someone must be left behind. Those left behind have been “bumped” from the flight and will have to take a later flight.

What is the difference between voluntary and involuntary bumping?

– You may think this is too obvious, but with voluntary bumping you choose to give up your seat on your flight for some form of compensation (usually travel vouchers or cash) and with involuntary bumping you are forced to give up your seat. However, there is another very important difference between these two types of bumping. Those that are involuntarily bumped are protected under specific Federal Aviation Administration guidelines that spell out the minimum amount of compensation and other protection for passengers that are involuntarily bumped. If you volunteer to be bumped, you are simply agreeing to take a deal from the Airline. This “deal” is not regulated and will depend on upon the Airline’s gate attendants and your negotiation skills.

What happens to my checked luggage if I get bumped?

– It may fly ahead on the plane you were supposed to take. Even though they’ll probably promise to keep it for you at your destination airport until you catch up, you might want to consider keeping your luggage with you, especially if you are unsure on when you will be making it to that destination. You will at least want to confirm that they are making arrangements to protect your luggage at your destination. If it’s already loaded on the plane, but the plane hasn’t left, see if the luggage can be taken off the plane and returned to you. Although, you might not want to get stuck watching your luggage while you wait for another flight, allowing your luggage to travel ahead can increase the chance it will disappear. You may also need the items in your luggage if you can’t make it on another flight and you get stuck with an unexpected overnight stay.

How can I avoid being bumped?

– Avoid using an Airline that oversells too much and ends up bumping many of its passengers.
– Keep up with the news and see if your Airline is facing any upcoming labor negotiations. If they are in negotiation near the time you are planning your trip, you might want to use another Airline in case yours has a work stoppage or slowdown.
– Check the weather conditions that are common along your route to see if you can plan your trip to avoid periods when foul weather causes delayed and cancelled flights. Delayed and especially cancelled flights will fill up other flights and that can cause the need for an Airline to bump passengers.
– Avoid peak travel times.
– Fly nonstop or with the least amount of connections possible. Each time you land and take off, you increase your chances to get bumped. If you do have to include connecting flights, try to make them at the least congested airports. Limiting your stops will also help you to avoid the possibility of a misconnection.
– Consider flying earlier in the day so you’ll have more options remaining through out the day to complete your trip if you do get bumped.
– Avoid booking the last flight of the day. This is especially important on peak flight days when many flights end up being overbooked. Often, fewer people are willing to volunteer to be bumped from the last flight of the day since they will have to end up waiting until the next morning to leave. Since this increases your chances of being involuntarily bumped, plan on arriving to the last flight of the day even earlier than you would for other flights. Also, note that many Airlines have a policy against paying for a hotel stay at your flight’s origin if you are delayed overnight.
– Don’t buy standby or open tickets to travel during peak travel times.
– If you fear you may get bumped, consider using a paper ticket over an electronic ticket. If you need to transfer to another Airline to continue your trip, a paper ticket can save you time. Most Airlines are not yet able to transfer passengers flying on e-tickets without first taking the time to switch them to a paper ticket.
– Try to get a seat assignment when you book your flight.
– Confirm your reservation and verify that the Airline has all the correct information.
– It’s not the cheapest way to go, but flying first class, full fare or business class will get you a better shot at seats, especially among the last to arrive.
– Join an Airline’s elite member club or frequent flyer programs.
– Arrive early and confirm your seat assignment since the latest to get there will be the most likely to be left out.
– Ask about the flight when you check your luggage. If the flight is overbooked, go directly to the gate. Just having checked in, won’t always guarantee you a seat.
– Board when your row is called. If you delay, they might think your seat is open and board a standby passenger in your place.

What should I know before I volunteer to be bumped?

– If you do volunteer, you will be stuck with whatever deal you accept. If something is not part of the deal, don’t expect to get it even if it turns out you need it later. You’ll want to know all the details of the Airline’s offer before you agree to accept their deal.
– Is a seat on their next flight guaranteed and confirmed and when is that flight scheduled? Remember, if you agree to fly on standby you could end up getting stranded.
– What will happen if it turns out you won’t be able to find me a seat on the next flight or that flight is delayed or cancelled?
– What will happen to my checked luggage?
– What type of consideration is available if I volunteer to be bumped?
– What limitations are there on the free ticket or travel voucher? When will they expire, are there blackout dates, can they be used for international travel and can I make a regular reservation for their use? Are there minimum or maximum stay requirements? Are the vouchers good for only a certain class of tickets?
– What happens if you can’t get me on a flight today and I have to spend the night? Will you pay for a hotel stay and transportation to that hotel?
– Is a meal voucher, long distance phone credit or hotel voucher available for my delay? What are the restrictions on those items?
– Are there any other premiums available such as entrance into their airport club lounge while I wait or headset vouchers?

What should I do if I am involuntarily bumped?

– If you are involuntarily bumped, work with the Airline’s counter personnel to book you on another flight. Being nice and working with the agent will often bring much better results than losing your temper. You can let them know you are upset without turning your anger toward them. Know that there are written guidelines, some of which are required by the Federal Aviation Administration, that protect passengers who have been involuntarily denied boarding.
– Ask to be protected under the Airline’s own written rules in the ticket’s conditions or contract of carriage for dealing with bumped passengers so you are given all the consideration you are legally due. This section of the contract is often called “Rule 245″, but no matter what it is called, they will have a section that specifically spells out what action they must take to help you continue your trip and what compensation you are due, if any. The U.S. Department of Transportation mandates that a copy of this contract be available to passengers at the Airline’s ticket counter. Many Airlines also provide this information on their web sites so you might print it off and take it with you in case you need it.
– Make sure the Airline has first asked for volunteers to be bumped. They are required to at least ask for volunteers. Although, there are no specific guidelines for the offers they make, they should offer compensation of some form to encourage volunteers before they deny you a seat.
– See if others in your party belong to any premium clubs that will help to get you special consideration.
– If you checked luggage to go on the flight from which you were bumped, take measures to protect that luggage.
– See if they can guarantee you a seat on another flight.
– See if your Airline is willing to find you a seat on another Airline. Although, their contract may allow them some time to first find you a flight on their own Airline, most state that when they fail to do so, they will try to find you a seat with another Airline. Know that many Airlines limit your potential choices of other Airlines only to certain Airlines that have existing agreements with your Airline. Your option probably won’t be to find any other flight at the airport that works. It will be to find another flight from a list of specific Airlines.
– The Airline’s contract of carriage may state that, if you so choose, you are entitled to an involuntary refund for any unused portion of your ticket, even if you purchased a nonrefundable ticket.
– This contract also specifies what, if any, other compensation you are due because you were involuntarily denied boarding of the flight. Some of this compensation is regulated under Federal Aviation Administration guidelines. The compensation due will usually vary depending on the reason you were denied boarding and how time much you were delayed. The compensation guidelines for U.S. domestic flights also vary from flights with an international portion. You may be entitled to vouchers for meals, overnight stays, long distance phone calls, and/or ground transportation in addition to travel vouchers or monetary rewards.
– Keep all receipts for expenses caused by being involuntarily bumped. No matter what their rules say, you can always make an appeal to the Airline’s customer service department and you’ll want the receipts to back you up. Send your Airline copies of the receipts and keep the original receipts.
– If it looks like lots of people are going to be stuck for a long time, consider booking a hotel room and/or a rental car before everyone else grabs them all. Under certain situations, some Airlines provide vouchers for hotel rooms and ground transportation so you should check with them before making your own arrangements. You may also be entitled to meal vouchers and other perks.
– Update any future reservations with Airlines, hotels or rental cars that will be effected by your delay.

If I get involuntarily bumped, will I be compensated no matter what?

– No, you may think that being bumped will automatically get you money, complimentary meals and a free hotel stay, but that’s not always true. There are several situations where Airlines are not required to compensate you in any manner if you are bumped, even if you are involuntarily bumped. In some situations, you might even be forfeiting your right to a refund of your unused ticket. However, in many situations, if you did everything right, the Federal Aviation Administration does require that the Airline provide some compensation to passengers that have been involuntarily denied boarding.

What are some of the reasons I might be denied compensation if I am involuntarily bumped?

There are several situations where Airlines are not required to compensate you in any manner if you are bumped, even if you are involuntarily bumped. In some situations, you might even be forfeiting your right to a refund of your unused ticket. You may be denied compensation if:

– You acquired the ticket in violation of the Airline’s rules, regulations or any tariffs or applicable law.
– You failed to fully comply with the Airline’s ticketing requirements. There are many requirements that can apply, such as, completing the purchase within a specified time after making your reservation.
– You failed to fully comply with the Airline’s reconfirmation requirements.
– You don’t have a confirmed reservation. You should check for an “OK” in the status box of your ticket so even if the Airline can’t find your reservation in the computer you’ll still be o.k.
– You cancelled your reservation or changed your itinerary along the way and failed to notify the Airline, which resulted in automatic cancellation of your entire itinerary.
– Most Airlines’ conditions of carriage state that with many of their tickets, failure to arrive at the check-in counter, the flight’s departure gate or your assigned seat a prescribed amount of time before the flight’s scheduled departure time may cause you to forfeit any refund or other compensation due for the unused ticket, even if you have an advance seat assignment and advance boarding pass.
– You are refused boarding because you are unable to present proper government issued photo I.D., are unruly, drunk, fail to cooperate with security or exhibit any other behavior or take any action covered under the Airline’s “right to refuse carriage” policy.
– The flight was canceled. Guidelines for cancelled flights are handled under a separate section of the Airlines’ contract of carriage.
– A smaller aircraft was substituted for safety or operation reasons.
– The Airline finds you a seat on another flight that is scheduled to arrive at your final destination (including later connections) within one hour of your originally scheduled arrival time.
– You are put in another section of the aircraft for no additional charge.
– The flight involves an airplane with 60 or fewer seats.
– The flight is on a chartered aircraft.
– The flight from which you are bumped is an inbound international flight to the United States or the whole flight takes place outside the United States. Flights outside the United States are not required to meet F.A.A. requirements. You should check with your Airline for its guidelines concerning involuntary bumping on non-U.S. flights.

What types of compensation will I receive if I did everything right and still get involuntarily bumped?

The Federal Aviation Administration does have minimum requirements for compensation if you are involuntarily bumped, but these minimums may not cover all of the costs of your delay. Many other items, such as, hotel stays, meals, and ground transportation may be left up to the Airline’s condition of carriage and your negotiation skills. Many Airlines provide this information on their web sites so you might consider printing it off and taking it with you. The U.S. Department of Transportation also mandates that a copy of this contract must be made available to passengers at the Airline’s ticket counter. Know that compensation for delay will vary depending on the amount of time you were delayed, the type of flight you take and possibly even the class of ticket you hold.

– If the Airline finds you a seat on another flight that is scheduled to arrive at your final destination (including later connections) within one hour of your originally scheduled arrival time, you are not entitled to any compensation.

– If the Airline finds you a seat on another flight that is scheduled to arrive at your final destination (including later connections) between one and two hours after your originally scheduled arrival time on domestic flights or between one and four hours on international flights, you are entitled to an amount equal to the fare you paid, (for that portion of the trip) with a maximum amount of $200.

– If the Airline finds you a seat on another flight that is scheduled to arrive at your final destination (including later connections) more than two hours late domestically or four hours late internationally, you are entitled to twice the amount of the fare you paid, (for that portion of the trip) with a maximum amount of $400.

– If the Airline fails to make any substitute travel arrangements for you, you are entitled to twice the amount of the fare you paid, (for that portion of the trip) with a maximum amount of $400.

– Most Airlines will try, and they are allowed, to first offer you a travel voucher for future flights in at least the amount required. However, you do have the right to insist on a check for that amount of money if you do not want a travel voucher. You might be able to negotiate a higher amount if you are willing to accept a travel voucher over a check. However, be sure to review the terms of use of the travel voucher before you accept their offer, just as you would if you were volunteering to be bumped.

– In addition to the above compensation, you are always entitled to keep your original ticket and use it on another flight to continue your trip or request an “involuntary refund” for the portion of the ticket from which you were involuntarily denied boarding. The denied boarding compensation is in addition to the value of the ticket and is a payment for your inconvenience. The denied boarding compensation is not a refund for the ticket.

– It’s always a good idea to pay for your plane ticket with a credit card. It usually makes it easier and quicker for you to get your refund and, if the Airline gives you hard time about refunding your unused ticket, you can ask your credit card company about the possibility of a charge back.

– The Federal Aviation Administration requires Airlines to issue you a check or paid travel vouchers immediately.

Can I get more compensation than the minimum amount required by the Federal Aviation Administration?

– Maybe. Depending on your particular circumstances, you may be entitled to additional compensation. Some Airlines do provide other types of compensation to cover some of your costs for being delayed. The Airline’s own written rules in the ticket’s conditions or contract of carriage specifically spell out what action they must take to help you continue your trip and what minimum compensation you are due, if any. Items, such as, hotel stays, meals, long distance phone calls, ground transportation and any other perks are left up to the Airline’s condition of carriage and your negotiation skills. Also, remember that it never hurts to ask for more than the minimum amounts listed in their written rules. Even though, your Airline may not be required to give you all the compensation you feel you are due, they still may provide you with something extra to keep you a happy customer.

What options do I have if I feel the Airline’s counter personnel are not offering me enough compensation for being involuntarily bumped?

– First, look at their conditions of carriage to make sure they are at least giving you all the compensation you are due under their own rules and don’t forget it never hurts to ask for more.

– If you feel the amount of compensation the Airline is offering doesn’t fully cover your losses for being bumpe, you can try to negotiate a higher settlement directly with their customer service department. However, first make sure you are clear on the Airline’s procedures for negotiating additional compensation. Often, you have at most 30 days from the date on the check to decide if you want to accept the amount of the check. Once the deadline expires, you cash the check or use their travel voucher; you will probably lose the right to later demand any further compensation from the Airline.

– You always have the right to decline the Airline’s offer and take them to court and sue for more compensation. However, unless you have verifiable, definite costs that could be fully documented and were solely, directly and unavoidably caused by being involuntarily bumped, you probably won’t have much of a chance in court. Courts have traditionally upheld the amount of compensation required under Federal Aviation Administration guidelines and any additional compensation stated in the Airline’s contract of carriage so suing can be risky and costly, particularly if your only complaint is inconvenience or lost time. If you do have a special situation where you could show that being involuntarily bumped will cause you a financial loss far above their offer and you think this would make a good court case you should notify the Airline of your situation when you are denied boarding. Your situation might encourage them to increase their offer to other passengers so someone else will volunteer to be bumped in your place.

Delayed and Cancelled Flights

How can I avoid flight delays?

– Research the Airlines on-time ratings and use the Airline with the best rating.

– Keep up with the news and see if your Airline is facing any upcoming labor negotiations. If they are in negotiation near the time you are planning your trip, you might want to use another Airline in case yours has a work stoppage or slowdown.

– Avoid peak travel time.

– Check the weather conditions that are common along your route to see if you can plan your trip to avoid periods when foul weather causes delays.

– Fly nonstop or with the least amount of connections possible. Each time you land and take off you increase your chances to encounter delays.

– Take early morning flights. Early flights are less likely to be delayed and if they are delayed you will have more options remaining through out the day to complete your trip.

– Avoid the last flight of the day since a delay might force an overnight stay.

– If you fear you will suffer from a flight delay, consider using a paper ticket over an electronic ticket. If you need to transfer to another Airline to continue your trip, a paper ticket can save you time. Most Airlines are not yet able to transfer passengers flying on e-tickets without first taking the time to switch them to a paper ticket.

What should I do if my flight is delayed or canceled?

– If your flight is delayed or canceled, work with the Airlines counter personnel to book you on another flight. Being nice and working with the agent will often bring much better results than losing your temper.

– If there is a line at the counter, call the Airlines reservation center directly to book another flight instead of waiting in line for the few people available to help. See if they can guarantee you a seat on another flight.

– If you have another person traveling with you, spread out with one in line and the other on the phone. Try to stay within eyesight of each other in case one of you needs to wave the other one over. If you have a cell phone, call the Airline while you are standing in line and see who can help you first.

– See if others in your party belong to any premium clubs that will help to get you special consideration.

– Ask to be protected under the Airlines own written rules in the tickets conditions or contract of carriage for dealing with missed connections, delayed and canceled flights so you are given all the consideration you are legally due. This section of the contract is often called Rule 240, but no matter what it is called, they will have a section that specifically spells out what action they must take to help you continue your trip and what compensation you are due, if any.

The U.S. Department of Transportation mandates that a copy of this contract be available to passengers at the Airlines ticket counter. Many Airlines also provide this information on their web sites so you might print it off and take it with you in case you need it.

Some Airline employees will try to tell you to that they no longer use Rule 240, but no matter what they call this section of their contract they still have to honor their written guidelines in the contract of carriage. These guidelines are part of the legal contract that deals with you. Both you and the Airline agreed upon these terms when they sold and you purchased their ticket. The Airline cannot choose to disregard part of a legal contract and enforce a different policy.

– If other Airlines are still operating, see if your Airline is willing to find you a seat on another Airline. Although, their contract may allow them some time to first find you a flight on their own Airline, most state that when they fail to do so, they will try to find you a seat with another Airline. Know that many Airlines limit your potential choices of other Airlines only with certain Airlines that have existing agreements with your Airline. Your option probably wont be to find any other flight at the airport that works. It will be to find another flight from a list of specific Airlines.

– The Airlines Rule 240 may state that, if you so choose, you are entitled to an involuntary refund for any unused portion of your ticket, even if you purchased a nonrefundable ticket.

– Rule 240 also specifies what, if any, other compensation you are due because of the flights delay or cancellation. The compensation due will usually vary depending on the reason for the flights delay or cancellation.

– If it looks like lots of people are going to be stuck for a long time, consider booking a hotel room and/or a rental car before everyone else grabs them all.

– Look into other practical forms of transportation such as trains, buses, or rental cars. The airport may close, but that does not necessarily mean the highways and railroads are impassible.

– Move quickly, a closed airport will mean that other forms of transportation and hotel rooms will sell out quickly.

– Update any future reservations with Airlines, hotels or rental cars that will be effected by your delay.

What type of compensation will I receive if my flight is delayed or canceled?

You may think a delayed or canceled flight will get you complimentary meals and a free hotel stay, but thats not always true. However, you can take some actions to make sure you are given all the assistance and compensation you are due.

– Being nice and working with the agent will often bring much better results than losing your temper. You can let them know you are upset without turning your anger toward them.

– You might have to rely on your negotiation skills to cover some expenses caused by the flights delay or cancellation. This is where being professional can help.

– Ask to be protected under the Airlines Rule 240, so you are given all the consideration you are legally due. Rule 240 refers to the Airlines own written rules in the tickets conditions or contract of carriage for dealing with missed connections, delayed and canceled flights. Rule 240 specifically spells out what action they must take to help you continue your trip and what compensation you are due, if any.

– The U.S. Department of Transportation mandates that a copy of this contract must be made available to passengers at the Airlines ticket counter. Many Airlines also provide this information on their web sites so print it off and take it with you.

– Some Airline employees will try to tell you to that they no longer use Rule 240, but no matter what they call this section of their contract, they still have to honor their written guidelines in their contract of carriage. These guidelines are part of the legal contract that deals with you. Both you and the Airline agreed upon these terms when they sold and you purchased their ticket. The Airline cannot choose to disregard part of a legal contract and enforce a different policy.

– Most Airlines will first try to reschedule your flight or offer you coupons good toward future flights. However, many, although not all, Airlines “Rule 240″ state that, if you so choose, you are entitled to an involuntary refund for any unused portion of your ticket if you decide not to travel on the rescheduled flight, even if you purchased a nonrefundable ticket.

– Its always a good idea to pay for your plane ticket with a credit card. It usually makes it easier and quicker for you to get your refund and, if the Airline gives you hard time about refunding your unused ticket, you can ask your credit card company about the possibility of a charge back.

– If the Airline requires you to mail in your unused ticket before they will issue a refund, be sure to make a copy of your ticket before you put it in the mail.

– “Rule 240″ also specifies what, if any other compensation you are due because of the flights delay or cancellation.

– The compensation due will usually vary depending on the reason for the flights delay or cancellation. Compensation for delay will also vary depending on the amount of time that you were delayed.

– If the delay or cancellation is caused by issues beyond the control of the Airline, often referred to in a “Force Majeure” clause, any compensation you are due may be limited or eliminated.

– “Force Majeure” is a big catchall phrase that identifies many possible situations whether actual or threatened that cannot be foreseen by the Airlines and/or are beyond the control of the Airline. Many situations can qualify under “Force Majeure”, but some that are often listed include, the weather, acts of God, government regulation, terrorism, wars, hostilities, security and safety concerns, strikes, work slowdowns, labor-related disputes, shortage of labor or fuel.

– Depending on your particular circumstances, you may be entitled to compensation for an overnight stay in a hotel, meals, phone calls or other transportation costs. However, there are limits and restrictions on all these forms of compensations. Many Airlines will not pay for an overnight hotel stay at the origin point or destination of your flight and many even deny paying for a stay if your flight is stopped at an airport near your homes main airport.

– If you are late checking in, you may have waived your right to any compensation you are due, including your right to an involuntary refund.

– Keep all receipts for expenses caused by your delay or flight cancellation. No matter what their rules say, you can always make an appeal to the Airlines customer service department and you will want the receipts to back you up. Send your Airline copies of the receipts and keep the original receipts.

– Even though, your Airline may not be required to give compensation, they still may provide you with something to keep you a happy customer.

Equipment needed for fly fishing

“How To Attach Thread To The Hook”

When a sportsman becomes really interested in fly fishing, he/she will inevitably decide to tie their own flies. As insects can differ in size, shape, and color from one region to another, its difficult and expensive to either hunt down or commission specialized fly-hooks. Tying one’s own flies allows the sportsman to perfectly mimic the local insects that fish prefer to feed on. This guide will give a run through of how to start making one’s own flies by attaching thread to hook. From that point on, how the flies are made are up to the imagination and ingenuity of the sportsman.

The Right Equipment

Step 1:

Fly Tying Vise- A fly tying vise is an absolute must when tying one’s own flies. Remember that all of the components of the fly are very small and diverse. It would be incredibly frustrating to try to do this all by hand. Some of the more complex flies may take many hours of work over a period of days to complete. A vise allows you to walk away from your work and be sure you’ll find it in the same condition you left it. There are many such vises on the market that range in price from ten dollars to nearly a thousand. Price does not exactly indicate quality though. What you need to remember is that the purpose of a vise is to hold the fly immobile. It should not shift or jiggle at all. If you can find a vise that does this, you’re set.

Step 2:

Bobbin- A fly tying bobbin is simply a device to help control the spool of fly tying thread as it is wound around a fly. The only thing you need look for here is a tube at the end of the bobbin which does not damage, crimp, or fray the thread as it unspools. If such a thing happens the thread may break and you would have to start tying the fly all over again. For this reason many bobbins come with a flared tube, while others may come with ceramic tubes or inserts that cause the threads less friction.

Step 3:

Hackle Pliers- hackle pliers are used to firmly grasp and manipulate small pieces used to make a fly. Typically they would be bits of feather and down called “hackle” that come from game birds. Its hackle that usually makes up the body of the fly and gives it the illusion of being a real fly. They also in a non-slip type of hackle plier that has rubber grips at the end to avoid crushing the hackle and hold it more securely.

Step 4:

Whip Finisher- A whip finisher is a tool employed by lots of tiers to finish a fly with a smooth knot. A whip finish is applied in order to keep the materials from unwinding after the thread is cut. There are three types of whip finishers available on the market today, the Simple, the Thompson and the Matarelli. They all create a nice finish on a fly, but accomplish it in different ways.

Step 5:

Bodkin- A bodkin is simply a needle with a handle. Bodkins are a very general tool in fly tying. They are often used to untrap hackle fibers, add head cement to the knot ending a fly’s tying, punch holes into foam popper bodies, etc.

Attaching The Thread To The Hook

Step 1:

Take the hook and clamp it securely in the vice.

Step 2:

Use the bobbin to lay down some thread parallel to the shaft of the hook, hold the thread along the shank of the hook.

Step 3:

Wind the bobbin around the thread, trapping it beneath the windings. Take as many wraps as necessary until the thread is securely attached to the hook. There, your thread is attached and the fly is ready to be decorated.

Learning the Art of Negotiating the Best Airfares

As many of you know buying airline tickets is an art as you will need to have many details known for a trip to another country before you can make your airline reservations. These airline reservations will allow you to fly to the country of your choice and on the date that you have chosen. There is one other item that you may have to see about and that is getting the best airfares that you are able to.

These different airfares can be found when you visit your travel agent or the airline ticket reservation desk itself. In some cases you will be able to see what the best airfares for various airlines are when you look on the internet. These various airfares will be based on many items.

In some cases the airfares are dependent on the various sectors that the various airlines are flying to. Promotions and various taxes can also play their part in deciding on the different airfares. You can look at each of these airline fares and see if you are willing to pay for these types of airfares. Unless you are in a hurry you will be able to shop around for the best airfares that you want.

This type of hunting should be taken carefully as some airfares have hidden costs that you won’t realize until you have paid for the airfares. As you look through the many web sites for good airfares that will give you a comfortable trip with you can also find out if any types of promotional offers are being given as well.

In some cases the promotional offers that are linked to the best airfares from various airlines. With these promotional offers and the best airfares that are low in price but not in value you can go on fabulous holiday destinations.

There will be time when you can visit countries that you have been dreaming of like Egypt or Australia. As these linked promotional airfares that will take you to different countries for great holidays, may be for a short period of time you should see about taking these types of tickets only if you have the time to go on these holidays.

Even if you can’t find any promotional benefits with the various airlines, looking for the best airfares can help when you are on a limited budget. For this reason you may want to book your flights when you have found an airline that will take you to your destination and you have found a good deal for your airline tickets.

Cheap Student Airfares: Where To Find Them?

If you are a youth and want cheap air travel, you should exploit at least the status fares in the airline industry.

Just like other so-called status fares in the airline industry, student airfares are one way of getting a cheaper ticket airfare in the industry.

Typically, student airfares apply to student travellers under the age of 26 who are still enrolled in school.

This is one avenue of cheap air travel especially for youths. For the airlines, they could offer such cheap air travel discounts without worrying that they would be abused by other passengers looking for alternative way out to pay the normal high-published airfares in the industry, given the restrictions on age and student identification.

Apart from the discounts which could be 20%-30% cheaper, student airfares are also generally far more flexible than regular airfare tickets.

Still, if you are looking for cheap air travel tickets via this route, note that student or youth airfares tickets may not typically be available from your regular travel agents.

This is because such student fares are not usually included in the computerised reservation systems (CRS) used by the airlines.

As such, it is easier for you to search for such airfare options from those specialised travel agencies that deal only in student airfare markets.

Remember that not all airlines offer student fares as a cheaper air travel option, and also that their rules and requirements varies from one another.

The most important requirement is normally proof of age (identity card or driving license) and also that you must be holding a current and valid International Student Identify Card (ISIC) at the time of ticketing and when travelling on a student airfare ticket.

Further note that student airfares will not necessarily be the cheapest airfares option that you can find even if you as a student can take advantage of it.

Nonetheless, for a cheaper air travel alternative, they will still beat the usual regular published airfares hands down.

However, if you are looking at cheap air travel options for international travel, you may find that consolidator airfares are often cheaper than student airfares, especially to a country serviced by ethnic-based travel agencies.

Further, there are less student airfare options than consolidator tickets, and the airlines are less likely to offer cheaper student airfares if they can sell them already under the radar as consolidator fares.

If you are picky and a real cheap air travel fan, then note all the alternatives above.

For the airlines, to offer student airfares is good publicity gimmick at the least and also a way to at least sell these status fares at whatever higher fare they could.

Further, much of students travel is non-discretionary and also time-limited and predictable or in other words around their holiday semester break.

Some of these periods like during the year-end and summer period are high-demand period (you won’t get other cheap air travel tickets options much during these times also) and as such, airlines are not likely to be too generous on discounted fares then.

Further, some thinking in the industry is that nice parents are more likely happy to pay higher airfares for their little darling children to go for their holiday breaks.

All the above reasons partly explain why the market for discounted student airfares are served mainly by travel agency specialists who use techniques such as bulk buying, charters and even consolidator tickets itself for such cheap air travel fares.

Still, for a cheaper air travel bill, student airfares are excellent value on their own although you should still compare their fares with other types of cheap air travel options for the reasons given above.

Here are some specialised places that you could start your student airfare searching and research from.These sites list special discounts and deals that are limited mostly to student airfares only.

It is possible also to locate student airfares that are discounted directly through the airline, or through a travel agent, but as mentioned earlier, the ones that are devoted solely to student airfares will often give you a lot more cheap air travel options on this aspect.

Further, if as student and you are thinking of travelling to Europe or other holiday breaks places for the summer, or for a full semester, or for just spring break, these specialised student airfare sites often offer great cheap air travel deals on such itineraries.

These specialised student airfare sites also have automated booking and ticketing of student and youth fares on their site and are a good place to start your search from.

Alternatively, you can search more of these cheap student air travel options through the Internet search engines:

a) Council Travel (www.counciltravel.com) – This is the travel agency division of the Council on International Education and Exchange (www.ciee.org) and has long been the largest student travel specialist in the United States.

College students will find here the biggest cheap air travel bargains on international carriers, which typically offer student fares to Europe on a standby basis. If you’re under 26, you can also take advantage of low-fare charter and consolidator flights that are made available by CIEE.

b) STA Travel (www.sta.com) – This is one of the world’s largest student, youth and budget travel organisation. STA Travel specialises in cheap student airfares, hotels and hostels, student travel insurance and international student identification cards and you are likely to find a host of options here and their affiliated agencies.

c) Student Universe (www.studentuniverse.com) – Student Universe is an online private travel service that specialises in students airfares. By negotiating with the major airlines on their behalf, Student Universe is able to provide students with exclusive and significantly cheap air travel fares catering to them.

At the end of the day, remember that irregardless of which cheap air travel options you choose, always compare prices between sites and their requirements before deciding on the final choice.

Searching for Cheap Flights Online

Searching for inexpensive flights online could prove to be a difficult experience for most people out there because you are going to encounter hundreds of websites that offer discounts on airfare. Many of these websites also offer cheap international ticket rates. You need to know that official international airfares are governed by IATA (International Air Transport Association) and it does not allow direct discounting of airfare. But there is a way of purchasing cheap tickets through consolidators and wholesalers. So lets find out how exactly you can find cheap flights online.

Many low cost carriers are not full IATA members. So they can lower their airfare whenever they want and offer discount packages to their customers. These local companies have set up their websites that not only help to find you cheap flights but also hotel reservations and car rentals. Some airlines also have student discount offers listed on their websites. Some search engines display a list of travel agencies that meet your itinerary criteria. You can then find the best of these sites and book reservations with their supplier. You will be able to find national as well as international travel agencies this way by searching on the Internet.

Airfare Watchdog is an online portal where you can learn about special deals and offers and much more information about other travel arrangements. The address is: www.airfarewatchdog.com. Similarly there are other sites that help you find local and international flight rates in particular seasons and useful information. www.travelzoo.com or www.airfarechoice.com are also two such portals.

Consolidators are sold tickets at very low costs. You can find any air travel consolidator in your area and find out about their pricing structure and other facilities they have to offer. Consolidators allow travelers to compare prices of different travel agencies and also help them in choosing the best time of flight. There are three types of air travel consolidators: destination specialists, wholesale consolidators and online travel consolidators. Destination specialists are able to draw discounts depending on a particular destination. Wholesale consolidators do not sell tickets directly but you can find out more about multi-stop specialists who come under this category. They might be able to help you out in finding cheaper travel agencies.

Online travel consolidators are the best way of finding the cheapest flights, national or international. They might not be the best in providing other services but when it comes to pricing, thats where they specialize. You will find a lot of online agencies like that, such as Travelocity, Skyscanner, Cheap Flights, Expedia, STA Travel and many more. Expedia and Travelocity are two of the most popular online travel agencies. They both offer special flight prices with many airlines all around the world. Consolidator fares can save you up to 70-80% of your airfare. Although they are the best to go around when finding cheap flights, many people still like to consider buying direct airline tickets because they are more reliable and offer more services than the consolidators.

Choosing the right time for booking your flights is also important. Sometimes the best deals are offered at the last minute of reservations. If you are traveling alone you might want to wait until the day of your departure. However, booking in advance is always safer and more reliable and you never know when your luck might take a turn and the airline might offer you tickets at a discount rate when you purchase them. Again, there are online travel agencies that offer discounts if your book in advance. A little search here and there will teach you how this system works. Also get in touch with travel agents to find out more about the advantages and disadvantages of early and late reservations.